Fresh and frozen Food Russian

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Pelmeni [in Russian пельмени (singular Pelmen in Cyrillic : пельмень) пяльмені in Belarus , Pilman (RAN) / пилмән (нәр) in Tatar ], flat original Russian , are small meatballs coated fine paste (made from flour, eggs, water and sometimes milk). The composition of the stuffing varies according to region: a mixture of beef , to lamb and pork in the Urals , of meat bear in Siberia . It combines various spices such as pepper and the onions and the garlic .

Pelmeni are usually cooked poached in boiling water for 2-5 minutes. This dish can be served with butter cream or sour ( smetana in Russian and "fresh cream" in French) or the mustard , the horseradish or vinegar . Some recipes suggest frying pelmeni until they are golden brown. They can also enhance a soup. Easy to store, transport and set up, they are known to be in Russia "meal hunter."

Many families make the Russian pelmeni in a traditional way. The recipe is passed down from generation to generation and it is mothers who transmit their knowledge to their (s) daughter (s). The process is rigorous and repetitive. Must roll, cut, fill, fold and pinch large amounts of dough. Families spend hours preparing accompanied by traditional songs, stories, and also vodka .

Today, pelmeni are frozen in supermarkets and delicatessens held by Russian communities. et ressemble parfois aux tortellini car les machines industrielles utilisées (Arienti & Cattaneo, Ima, Ostoni, Zamboni, etc.) sont la plupart du temps d'origine italiennes . A "Pelmen" weighs approximately 15 grams and sometimes looks like tortellini as industrial machinery used (Arienti & Cattaneo, Ima, Ostoni, Zamboni, etc..) are most of the original time Italian .

Pelmeni are one of the oldest traditional Russian dishes and had many other names over the centuries. Most historians agree on the fact that they come from Siberia . The name probably comes from an indigenous tribe of the Urals: the " Komi ". In their native language, "pelnyan" meant "paste-ear" in reference to food that has a semi-circular shape.

Another version suggests that the word "'pelnyan" literally means "bread ear". Apparently the Ur-pelmeni was a dish consisting of pieces of meat stuffed in thin bread dough. When the term is common in the Russian language, it has evolved and changed spelling (like most words through history) in "Pelmen" and the plural of which is Russian "pelmeni". To the west of Poland, the pelmeni are called " uszki "and also mean ears.

Another theory suggests that pelmeni originated in China Northwest (which explains the use of spices like pepper that is not found in Russia, which had to be imported). During the invasions, the Mongols were able to borrow the recipe for Jiaozi Chinese and would have brought in Urals and even to Eastern Europe.

We find the pelmeni more broadly in Eastern Europe, but they are considered a typical Russian dish.

The " Wonton "Chinese and" pierogi "of Eastern Europe are cousins ​​of pelmeni. The Italians also borrowed the concept with the ravioli, which, apparently, are close relatives of pelmeni. e siècle. The writings attest to the existence of pelmeni in central Russia in the fifteenth century.


Что нам расскажет гид во время обзорной экскурсии по вене.

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